Szociológiai szemle

Attila Melegh – Dóra Gábriel – Gabriella Gresits – Dalma Hámos
2018/4. szám
Attila Melegh – Dóra Gábriel – Gabriella Gresits – Dalma Hámos
In an era of globalization, the institutional system of mass migration is being substantially reorganized: its intensity and the variation in its forms are increasing. Global production chains combine diverse areas and different forms of work with varying wage levels by forming worldwide networks. In the Eastern European region, the growing level of emigration and relatively low fertility are leading to population loss. Hungary is not among the Eastern European countries with a high level of emigration;
nevertheless, it faces serious challenges, particularly in some regions where after the transition losses of jobs were massive, and a greater proportion of people live under the poverty line than the national average. Our analysis is based on interviews, containing narrative and semi-structured parts, among domestic workers working mainly in Austria and Germany. The paper reveals possible causal mechanisms and the political economic structures behind this type of labour migration. We seek to understand how migrationrelated decisions are embedded in a global and highly unequal economic order.
Kulcsszavak angol: labor migration, rational choice, historical-structural analysis, domestic work, working class